3DPS Test data sets

The 3D Portrayal Service supports several data delivery formats. In order to be able to test and compare different approaches of streaming 3D city models including features types such as terrain, 3D building models, 3D vegetation models, water etc. the same test data sets should be used. The test data sets have to be freely available and best open data so it can be used by everybody.

The 3D Portrayal Service Standard Working Group (3DPS SWG) recommends the following test data sets. Other data set may be added in future based on the decision of the 3DPS SWG. If someone wants to contribute test data set, please suggest it to the 3DPS SWG.

3D City Model of Rotterdam

3D building model in CityGML LoD2, textured with oblique arial Imagery. Be aware that the model contails several errors in geometry. Also the structure of the model, mainly the spatial extend of an individual building is not always as expected. But for visualization purposes it is a quite nice test case as it represents typical real world data sets.

Used in the Web3D city modelling competition in 2015.

CityGML data files for Rotterdam

Presentation by Louis Smit at the Workshop 3D City Models,. Bonn, Nov. 2012

3D City Model of The Hague

Can someone provide some infomation about the model? Jantien?

download the 3D model of The Hague from the European Data Portral


3D City Model of Hamburg

3D building model in CityGML LoD 1. Higher LoD are available but not open data. Represents a typical LOD 1 city model from Germany. Most of the building stock in Germany is available in this LOD. However, only the Hamburg model is open data.

CityGML LoD1 building model  (380.000 buildings, 750 km²)

download LOD1 model

more information about the model (in german): http://suche.transparenz.hamburg.de/dataset/3d-stadtmodell-hamburg

Data licence Germany – attribution – version 2.0

(1) Any use will be permitted provided it fulfils the requirements of this „Data licence Germany – attribution – Version 2.0“.

The data and meta-data provided may, for commercial and non-commercial use, in particular

  1. be copied, printed, presented, altered, processed and transmitted to third parties;
  2. be merged with own data and with the data of others and be combined to form new and independent datasets;
  3. be integrated in internal and external business processes, products and applications in public and non-public electronic networks.

(2) The user must ensure that the source note contains the following information:

  1. the name of the provider,
  2. the annotation „Data licence Germany – attribution – Version 2.0“ or „dl-de/by-2-0“ referring to the licence text available at www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2-0, and
  3. a reference to the dataset (URI).

This applies only if the entity keeping the data provides the pieces of information 1-3 for the source note.

(3) Changes, editing, new designs or other amendments must be marked as such in the source note.

URL: http://www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2-0

3D City Model of Berlin

fully textured 3D city model Berlin

download portal 3D city model Berlin 


3D City Model of Lyon

I would like to inform you that the 3D dataset of “Lyon métropole” in France is now available for download on the Open Data Portal: http://data.grandlyon.com/. These data are available in CityGML in open license (Etalab : https://download.data.grandlyon.com/files/grandlyon/LicenceOuverte.pdf). The 530 km2 of the territory is decomposed in 59 districts. The direct link to all of the models is as follows: http://data.grandlyon.com/search/?Q=maquettes+textur%C3%A9es

Numerous data are available in the http://data.grandlyon.com/

For instance, we can find

  • 3D dataset. These data are available in CityGML
    • The 530 km2 of the territory is decomposed in 59 districts. It represents water, terrain, building
    • Two datasets are available for each municipality in CityGML (2009 and 2012).
      It represents more than 40 GB of data ! 2015 dataset will arrive soon
    • Data are currently enhanced (link between cityObject and cadastral information)
  • 3D point cloud will be available in the next weeks (2009, 2012 and 2015). Due to the large amount of data, a restricted area will be available in a first step, but may be extended if necessary.

Additionnal data are available. For example, the GIS service of Lyon métropole offers two data layers describing the evolution between 2009 and 2012 of Lyon métropole (constructions and destructions).

Finally, Lyon métropole propose a video which describes this 3D data: http://youtu.be/uvHKvlj74lc

(provided by Gilles Gesquière, LIRIS Lab, France)

3D City Model of New York

3D building model  CityGML  LoD 1 of New York City (NYC) including a rich set of building attributes. It includes lots and roads as well. The model is based on datasets provided in the NYC Open Data Portal. It has been created in a students project  at TU Munich.

download New York in 3D

Terms of use:

The Chair of Geoinformatics at Technische University München provides these datasets for free usage. No warranties or guarantee on the correctness, completeness, or appropriateness for any specific use is given. In no case TUM / Chair of Geoinformatics can be held liable for damages, caused directly or indirectly, by using or working with these datasets or software tools. The data, software, and other materials are provided in unaltered state (“as is“), and no guarantee is given that it will run on or work with any specific system or operating system.

The data provided here is exclusively based on datasets provided in the New York City Open Data Portal (https://nycopendata.socrata.com). Since the 3D city model has been derived from NYC Open Data, all their terms of use and conditions apply here, too. These include the Terms of Use of NYC.gov (http://www1.nyc.gov/home/terms-of-use.page). According to the NYC Open Data terms of use, the originators of the individual datasets, i.e. the different departments of NYC administration, remain owner of the data.

Another 3D City Model of New York (also in CityGML, 2014)



Building on the rich geospatial data already provided, NYC DoITT is releasing a three-dimensional (3-D) Building Massing Model of New York City. The 3-D model includes every NYC building present in the 2014 aerial survey, the capture from which the model was developed.

Using the Open Geospatial Consortium’s CityGMLspecification as the basis, the NYC 3-D Building Massing Model was developed to a hybrid specification combining elements from Level of Detail (LOD) 1 and 2. Highlights of the model include the differentiation of building components including roof, facades and ground plane. All major roof structures are modeled. Pitched roofs are modeled; however dooms and rounded roofs are not. All roof appendages are excluded including but not limited to chimneys, parapets, spindles and antenna.  In addition, a subset of ‚iconic‘ NYC buildings was modeled to LOD 2. Lastly the buildings are attributed with a Building Identification Number (BIN) to provide a means to associate other NYC data for analysis and rendering. For further details, see the included metadata.

The 3-D model was a one-time capture. If the model proves useful, future updates and extension will be considered.

Random 3D City

A sample dataset of CityGML LOD3 buildings (including others) randomly generated with Random3Dcity provided by FIlip Biljecki, TU Delft, is available from:


Test Data from the CityGML QIE


Not very useful for 3DPS, but excellent test data for CityGML building modul

Terrain test data sets

Region Selection Criteria proposed by Gregory Peele, Jr., Virtual Heroes (a Division of ARA)